Pulse Polio Programme
Introductory Note On Pulse Polio Programme 2010 with Proposed Newer Initiatives-an appraisal
What is Polio Eradication and its Strategy
Humans are the only reservoir/carrier of Polio Virus called Wild Polio Virus. It has three types I, II, III. It is type II which is the first one to get eliminated, followed by type III and then type I Polio Virus from the human environment. Elimination of type II virus generally indicates a good/satisfactory Routine Immunization System/Coverage in an area. The country has already eliminated Type-II Virus two years ago. The Strategy for elimination/eradication is by having an equally strong system of 4 components. These are: Strong Routine Immunization, well Conducted Pulse Polio Rounds, Selective /Focal Mop-up rounds & a Sensitive and Responsive AFP System.
The Challenge this year: Resurgence of Polio in certain parts of the country, notably UP in the year 2002, was ascribed to the eradication efforts being afflicted with poor quality Pulse Polio strategy & Poor routine immunization in those states. In Delhi the Situation on Polio Programme and Routine Immunization is relatively comfortable. In addition, our AFP surveillance System & the quality of Mop-up rounds conducted in the state so far have been quite satisfactory. But despite this the plan in Delhi Pulse Polio Programme this year is to ensure a very high quality Pulse Polio & to improve the routine Immunization still further, by using the Pulse Polio booths as a window of opportunity.
Why it is important ?
All infants below 1 year are supposed to be receiving a birth dose of ‘OPV’ called ‘zero’ dose followed by 3 doses at 6, 10 & 14 weeks of age alongside DPT 3 doses. Then, 1st booster of OPV is at 1 ½ year along with DPT, followed again with 2nd booster at 4 ½ to 5 years along with DT. Now it has been proved conclusively that pulse polio doses are complementary to the routine doses and are not a substitute to routine polio vaccine. The constant migration of population, the newer birth cohort in the state and the left over about 18-20% of children (who are partly covered or unimmunized) need to be covered effectively.
To sustain and improve the routine coverage of OPV it is quite an opportunity on the Pulse Polio day to apprise the parents about the need of routine immunization..
HOPING TO SEE INDIA POLIO FREE
MESSAGE TO PUBLIC
Parents are requested to get their children under five years protected with oral polio vaccine drops on the following dates from any polio booth near your house.
20th June 2010 to24th June 2010
Even sick and newborn children are to be given Polio drops.
These drops are in addition to routine immunization doses.
These drops are completely safe and are of highest quality.
Repeated doses provide additional protection.
Routine polio vaccination at birth, 6weeks, 10 weeks and 14 weeks of age is also essential.
Polio Eradication efforts will continue till we achieve the “Goal of Polio Eradication”.
Socially spirited individuals & organizations are invited to actively participate in this programme.
For any clarification/query, please contact Dr. Gopal Krishna-State Immunization Officer, S.H.S, Patna, Bihar ,