India, the largest democratic republic in the world, possesses 2.4% of the world’s land area and supports 16% of the world population in which Bihar is the most populous state. Govt. of Bihar follows the statement - The First Wealth is Health. Hence Health & Welfare are of prime concerns for the Government of Bihar.
Over the years, the government has introduced various health programmes and policies to better the standard of life of its citizens. This has improved the life expectancy of males and females at birth every year and there has been a good decline in infant mortality rate as well.
The government has also been able to control and cure illnesses such as tuberculosis, malaria, pneumonia and water borne diseases to a certain extent. But before getting into the nuances of various policies started/undertaken by the government let us first understand that what is health? The World Healthy Assembly (WHA) defined 'Health' in 1948 as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”.
In 1986, the WHO, in the Ottawa Charter for health promotion, said that health is “a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.”
Family Welfare is responsible for aspects relating to family welfare, especially in reproductive health, maternal health, pediatrics, information; cooperation with NGOs and international aid groups; and rural health services.
The Health Department is working towards providing
health care “to the last household and to the last person of the state”,
.i.e., Govt. of Bihar is totally committed in building healthy people, not
only by making available quality Medicare facilities at the door step of
every citizen in the remotest corner of the state, but also by providing
medical facilities of the highest order, keeping pace with rapid technological
developments in the field of medicine.
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